Total changes 1990-2008
Inclusive Wealth Index
Gross Domestic Product
Changes over 20 Years
The changes in inclusive wealth in France were primarily driven by rapid growth in human capital. Additionally, France was one of the few countries that performed better on the IWI than on GDP, presumably due to growth in human capital and to a lesser extent natural capital growth.
Human capital makes up the large majority of France’s inclusive wealth, followed by produced and natural capital. While France and Germany were the only two countries that had little to no change in their natural capital, natural capital only accounted for 1% of France’s total capital value.
France’s natural capital primarily consists of agricultural land and forest resources. Along with Japan, France experienced an increase in forest resources over the time period assessed. Overall, forest resources accounted for the majority of changes in France’s natural capital accounts.