Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

29%

Inclusive Wealth Index

26%

Gross Domestic Product

-0.4%

Natural Capital

38%

Manufactured Capital

27%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

The changes in inclusive wealth in France were primarily driven by rapid growth in human capital. Additionally, France was one of the few countries that performed better on the IWI than on GDP, presumably due to growth in human capital and to a lesser extent natural capital growth.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of France’s inclusive wealth

Composition of France’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Human capital makes up the large majority of France’s inclusive wealth, followed by produced and natural capital. While France and Germany were the only two countries that had little to no change in their natural capital, natural capital only accounted for 1% of France’s total capital value.

 

Composition of France’s natural capital

Composition of France’s natural capital

Natural Capital

France’s natural capital primarily consists of agricultural land and forest resources. Along with Japan, France experienced an increase in forest resources over the time period assessed. Overall, forest resources accounted for the majority of changes in France’s natural capital accounts.